What is the rotary dryer?
Rotary dryer is a kind of dryer, which shaped the rotary dryer. It is also called the rotary dryer or rotary equipment. It features high production rate, simple operation, reasonable structure, refined design, low energy consumption, easy transportation. The rotary dryer is horizontal type, which is horizontal type, the inside of the rotary has some different angles lift plate. The rotary kiln has a lot of refractory bricks, in the feeding port, it installs the spring lift plate.According to the way of heating transportation, the dryer can be divided into the direct heat transfer rotary dryer and the indirect heat transfer rotary dryer.
The most widely used dryers are the direct heat transfer rotary dryer. According to the direction of the medium and the flow of the materials, it can be divided into the o-current flow and counter-current flow.The main part of the dryer is a spring rotary, which is less oblique, the rotary is a gear of the speed is 2-6r/min, the oblique is related to the length, which is in the range of the 1-5°, the materials are fed from the higher part to the lower part, and touch the related heating air. With the rotation of the round rotary, the materials will be dried and extrusion of the power of the gravity. Because of the negative pressure of the work station, the feeding port and discharging port adopt the seal device to avoid the wind.
The rotary dryer is mainly used in the metallurgy industry, chemical industry, building materials, mining and drying powder and the other particles. It is the most common and widely used mining equipment. It suits for drying the dry metal and non-metal rotary equipment, the ore of magnetism, beneficiation, flotation, clay and coal , etc.
How to work?
In order to add the touch area of the materials put on the rotary equally, it should install the lift plate. The lift plate can be divided into the following parts:
1. Lifting type lift plate. It suits for the lump materials or some vicious material.
2. Four format type lift plate. It suits for the materials which are high density, not brittle, or not easy to disperse. The lift plate divides the cylinder into four formats, which are mutually dissimilar fan operation room. The touch area of materials and hot air is bigger than lifting type lift plate, which are also adding the fill rates and the landing height to reduce the dust.
3. Cruciform or frame lift plate. It is suitable for brittle or easy dissimilar to the cross section so that the materials can dissimilar to the cross section equally.
4. Sleeve type lift plate: an uplift for double heat transfer (or semi-diameter heating) drum dryer.
5. Fan type lift plate. The lift plate suits the fine and easy fly materials. The materials to be fed to stock in the format plate, when the rotation of the cylinder, the materials rotate and touch the hot air, in the same time, it falls with the materials falling, to reduce the possibility of dry materials gone away.
Above all kinds of plates can be distributed throughout the cylinder body, in order to make the material to be able to quickly and relatively evenly delivered with the feeding side 1 ~ 5. m installation using a spiral guide plate, in order to avoid the wet material bond piled up on the wall.
At the same time, the dry materials are easily carried away by the waste gas, and no Yanks are installed at the end of the discharge line 1 ~ 2m.
The wet materials from the belt conveyor or bucket elevator to the silo, then the materials from the feeder dupe to the feeding port. The oblique of the materials dupe is larger than the natural angle of the materials so that the materials into the dryer smoothly. The dryer cylinder is a rotating cylinder slightly tilted to the horizontal line.
The material is added from the higher end, the heat carrier is entered at the low end, and the material is in the upstream contact with the material. It also has the hot body and the material together and flows into the barrel body.
The rotating material of the cylinder is operated by gravity to the lower end.
In the process of moving forward, the wet materials can be directly or indirectly heated by the hot body, so that the wet materials can be dried and then sent out by belt conveyor or spiral conveyor. The wall of the tube is equipped with a copy board, which is used to copy the material and then add it to the surface to increase the contact surface of the material and airflow so as to increase the drying rate and promote the material advance.
The heat carrier is generally divided into hot air and flue gas. After the hot body is in the dryer, the cyclone dust collector is generally needed to trap the material in the gas. If there is a need to further reduce the amount of exhaust dust, it should be released after the bag filter or the wet dust collector.
1. The dryer adopts the advanced multiple combination lifting plate device to avoid the traditional “Wind tunnel” problems, and high heat efficiency and coal consumption will reduce by 20%.
2. It suits the all kinds of burn furnace and High temperature boiling furnace, pulverized coal spraying furnace and manual coal furnace.
3. The gear of transmission part adopts the pin column to replace the traditional steel gear to reduce the cost of cost and maintenance cost and time.
4. It adopts the centralized control system to achieve the centralized control government.
5. High production capacity and work constantly. Flexible operation, it needs the large range of the production and not affect the quality of the products.
6. Simple structure and convenient operation, less problem, and low maintenance cost. Wide application, which can be used in drying the particle materials and high vicious materials.